New Commercial Parking Lot Requirements That You Should Be Aware Of

Aug 22, 2016

Michigan Parking Lot Requirements

All states have their own policies and regulations regarding commercial parking lot areas. The 2010 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) further calls for the implementation of these requirements by outlining the minimum accessibility requirements for buildings, offices, shopping malls and similar commercial or public facilities. This is to ensure that people with disabilities can gain sufficient access and participate in activities done in these commercial spaces.

Here are some of the newest policies that your establishment should be aware of.

The removal of barriers and other obstructions.

The ADA requires that establishments must remove barriers when it can be implemented without further difficulty or additional expense to the owner. This will allow for a more accessible design throughout the parking area, as these barriers could serve as obstructions for people with disability when getting in the door of your store.

Allot space for “accessible spaces” and “van-accessible areas” in your parking lot.

The 2010 Act requires 1 of every 6 accessible parking space to be “van-accessible.” For example, if your parking lot has 100 parking spaces, 4 of those must be accessible spaces. Of those 4 accessible spaces, 1 must be “van-accessible.”

An “accessible space” is defined as any space that requires the shortest distance between the accessible route to the entrance of the establishment.

The table below outlines the necessary accessible spaces and van-accessible spaces depending on how many parking lots you have. (Source: ADA)

Total # of Parking Spaces in a Parking Facility (Lot or Garage) Minimum Number of Accessible Parking Spaces Required
1 – 25 1
26 – 50 2
51 – 75 3
76 – 100 4
101 – 150 5
151 – 200 6
201 – 300 7
301 – 400 8
401 – 500 9
501 – 1000 2% of total
1001 and over 20, plus 1 for each 100, or fraction there­of, over 1000

The only exceptions to these standards are when the parking lot facilities are to be occupied by delivery trucks, buses, impound vehicles or police cars. However, if these areas are still open to the public, at least one accessible passenger loading zone should be provided. 

Medical facilities require more accessible parking. 

If you are the owner of a local clinic or hospital, it is your duty to be mindful of these provisions:

  • At least 10% of your patient and visitor parking lot spaces should be accessible spaces.
  • Hospital outpatient centers that specialize in mobility-related cases need at least 20% of their total patient and visitor parking lot spaces to be accessible.

Parking lot accessibility in dimensions:

  • Accessible parking areas should be 8 feet wide.
  • Van-accessible areas should be 11 feet wide.
  • Access aisles should be 5 feet wide. These areas should provide enough space for wheelchairs, walkers and other mobility devices to easily pass through.
  • A van-accessible area can be 8 feet wide if the access aisle adjacent to it is also 8 feet wide.

Proper designation through paint.

All accessible parking spaces should be painted with hatch marks or similar signage to prevent accidentally parking into them. When mounting signs on your parking lot, the lowest edge of the sign must be at least 5 feet above the ground to maintain optimal visibility for drivers and pedestrians. Once you have ensured compliance to these safety measures prescribed by the ADA, you should then review the rest of your parking lot.

If you need professional assistance in reviewing your commercial parking space, get in touch with our team at IC Striping. We perform commercial striping services that are fully compliant of all new parking lot provisions by the ADA and by state law. Contact us at 1-877-361-4400 today!

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